Jumpserver部署

Jumpserver部署

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环境准备

系统: CentOS 7.5
IP: 192.168.200.188
目录: /opt
数据库: mariadb
代理: nginx

$ yum update -y
# 防火墙 与 selinux 设置说明, 如果已经关闭了 防火墙 和 Selinux 的用户请跳过设置
$ systemctl start firewalld
$ firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=80/tcp --permanent  # nginx 端口
$ firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=2222/tcp --permanent  # 用户SSH登录端口 coco
--permanent  永久生效, 没有此参数重启后失效
$ firewall-cmd --reload  # 重新载入规则
或者直接关闭
$ systemctl stop firewalld
$ systemctl disable firewalld
$ setenforce 0
$ sed -i "s/SELINUX=enforcing/SELINUX=disabled/g" /etc/selinux/config

安装redis mysql nginx python3

# 安装依赖包
$ yum -y install wget gcc epel-release git

# 安装 Redis, Jumpserver 使用 Redis 做 cache 和 celery broke
$ yum -y install redis
$ systemctl enable redis
$ systemctl start redis

# 安装 MySQL, 如果不使用 Mysql 可以跳过相关 Mysql 安装和配置, 支持sqlite3, mysql, postgres等
$ yum -y install mariadb mariadb-devel mariadb-server MariaDB-shared # centos7下叫mariadb, 用法与mysql一致
$ systemctl enable mariadb
$ systemctl start mariadb
# 创建数据库 Jumpserver 并授权
$ DB_PASSWORD=`cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc A-Za-z0-9 | head -c 24`  # 生成随机数据库密码
$ echo -e "\033[31m 你的数据库密码是 $DB_PASSWORD \033[0m"
$ mysql -uroot -e "create database jumpserver default charset 'utf8'; grant all on jumpserver.* to 'jumpserver'@'127.0.0.1' identified by '$DB_PASSWORD'; flush privileges;"

# 安装 Nginx, 用作代理服务器整合 Jumpserver 与各个组件
$ vi /etc/yum.repos.d/nginx.repo
[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
$ yum -y install nginx
$ systemctl enable nginx

# 安装 Python3.6
$ yum -y install python36 python36-devel

# 配置并载入 Python3 虚拟环境
$ cd /opt
$ python3.6 -m venv py3  # py3 为虚拟环境名称, 可自定义
$ source /opt/py3/bin/activate  # 退出虚拟环境可以使用 deactivate 命令

# 看到下面的提示符代表成功, 以后运行 Jumpserver 都要先运行以上 source 命令, 载入环境后默认以下所有命令均在该虚拟环境中运行
(py3) [root@localhost py3]

安装jumpserver

# 下载 Jumpserver
$ cd /opt/
$ git clone https://github.com/jumpserver/jumpserver.git
$ cd /opt/jumpserver
$ git checkout 1.4.8    #官方建议稳定版

# 安装依赖 RPM 包
$ yum -y install $(cat /opt/jumpserver/requirements/rpm_requirements.txt)

# 安装 Python 库依赖
$ pip install --upgrade pip setuptools
$ pip install -r /opt/jumpserver/requirements/requirements.txt

# 修改 Jumpserver 配置文件
$ cd /opt/jumpserver
$ cp config_example.yml config.yml

$ SECRET_KEY=`cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc A-Za-z0-9 | head -c 50`  # 生成随机SECRET_KEY
$ echo "SECRET_KEY=$SECRET_KEY" >> ~/.bashrc
$ BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=`cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc A-Za-z0-9 | head -c 16`  # 生成随机BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN
$ echo "BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=$BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN" >> ~/.bashrc

$ sed -i "s/SECRET_KEY:/SECRET_KEY: $SECRET_KEY/g" /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
$ sed -i "s/BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN:/BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN: $BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN/g" /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
$ sed -i "s/# DEBUG: true/DEBUG: false/g" /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
$ sed -i "s/# LOG_LEVEL: DEBUG/LOG_LEVEL: ERROR/g" /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
$ sed -i "s/# SESSION_EXPIRE_AT_BROWSER_CLOSE: false/SESSION_EXPIRE_AT_BROWSER_CLOSE: true/g" /opt/jumpserver/config.yml
$ sed -i "s/DB_PASSWORD: /DB_PASSWORD: $DB_PASSWORD/g" /opt/jumpserver/config.yml

$ echo -e "\033[31m 你的SECRET_KEY是 $SECRET_KEY \033[0m"
$ echo -e "\033[31m 你的BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN是 $BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN \033[0m"

$ vi config.yml  # 确认内容有没有错误
# SECURITY WARNING: keep the secret key used in production secret!
# 加密秘钥 生产环境中请修改为随机字符串, 请勿外泄, PS: 纯数字不可以
SECRET_KEY:

# SECURITY WARNING: keep the bootstrap token used in production secret!
# 预共享Token coco和guacamole用来注册服务账号, 不在使用原来的注册接受机制
BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN:

# Development env open this, when error occur display the full process track, Production disable it
# DEBUG 模式 开启DEBUG后遇到错误时可以看到更多日志
DEBUG: false

# DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR, CRITICAL can set. See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.10/topics/logging/
# 日志级别
LOG_LEVEL: ERROR
# LOG_DIR:

# Session expiration setting, Default 24 hour, Also set expired on on browser close
# 浏览器Session过期时间, 默认24小时, 也可以设置浏览器关闭则过期
# SESSION_COOKIE_AGE: 86400
SESSION_EXPIRE_AT_BROWSER_CLOSE: true

# Database setting, Support sqlite3, mysql, postgres ....
# 数据库设置
# See https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.10/ref/settings/#databases

# SQLite setting:
# 使用单文件sqlite数据库
# DB_ENGINE: sqlite3
# DB_NAME:

# MySQL or postgres setting like:
# 使用Mysql作为数据库
DB_ENGINE: mysql
DB_HOST: 127.0.0.1
DB_PORT: 3306
DB_USER: jumpserver
DB_PASSWORD:
DB_NAME: jumpserver

# When Django start it will bind this host and port
# ./manage.py runserver 127.0.0.1:8080
# 运行时绑定端口
HTTP_BIND_HOST: 0.0.0.0
HTTP_LISTEN_PORT: 8080

# Use Redis as broker for celery and web socket
# Redis配置
REDIS_HOST: 127.0.0.1
REDIS_PORT: 6379
# REDIS_PASSWORD:
# REDIS_DB_CELERY: 3
# REDIS_DB_CACHE: 4

# Use OpenID authorization
# 使用OpenID 来进行认证设置
# BASE_SITE_URL: http://localhost:8080
# AUTH_OPENID: false  # True or False
# AUTH_OPENID_SERVER_URL: https://openid-auth-server.com/
# AUTH_OPENID_REALM_NAME: realm-name
# AUTH_OPENID_CLIENT_ID: client-id
# AUTH_OPENID_CLIENT_SECRET: client-secret

# OTP settings
# OTP/MFA 配置
# OTP_VALID_WINDOW: 0
# OTP_ISSUER_NAME: Jumpserver

# 运行 Jumpserver
$ cd /opt/jumpserver
$ ./jms start -d  # 后台运行使用 -d 参数./jms start -d
# 新版本更新了运行脚本, 使用方式./jms start|stop|status all  后台运行请添加 -d 参数

安装docker部署coco与guacamole

官方建议docker部署coco与guacamole

# 安装 docker 部署 coco 与 guacamole
$ yum install -y yum-utils device-mapper-persistent-data lvm2
$ yum-config-manager --add-repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo
$ yum makecache fast
$ rpm --import https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/gpg
$ yum -y install docker-ce
$ systemctl enable docker
$ curl -sSL https://get.daocloud.io/daotools/set_mirror.sh | sh -s http://f1361db2.m.daocloud.io
$ systemctl restart docker

# 允许 容器ip 访问宿主 8080 端口, (容器的 ip 可以进入容器查看)
$ firewall-cmd --permanent --add-rich-rule="rule family="ipv4" source address="172.17.0.0/16" port protocol="tcp" port="8080" accept"
$ firewall-cmd --reload
# 172.17.0.x 是docker容器默认的IP池, 这里偷懒直接授权ip段了, 可以根据实际情况单独授权IP

# 获取当前服务器 IP
$ Server_IP=`ip addr | grep inet | egrep -v '(127.0.0.1|inet6|docker)' | awk '{print $2}' | tr -d "addr:" | head -n 1 | cut -d / -f1`
$ echo -e "\033[31m 你的服务器IP是 $Server_IP \033[0m"

# http://<Jumpserver_url> 指向 jumpserver 的服务端口, 如 http://192.168.244.144:8080
# BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN 为 Jumpserver/config.yml 里面的 BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN
$ docker run --name jms_coco -d -p 2222:2222 -p 5000:5000 -e CORE_HOST=http://$Server_IP:8080 -e BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=$BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN jumpserver/jms_coco:1.4.8
$ docker run --name jms_guacamole -d -p 8081:8081 -e JUMPSERVER_SERVER=http://$Server_IP:8080 -e BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=$BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN jumpserver/jms_guacamole:1.4.8

安装Web Terminal前端

Luna 需要nginx来运行访问

$ cd /opt
$ wget https://github.com/jumpserver/luna/releases/download/1.4.8/luna.tar.gz
# 如果网络有问题导致下载无法完成可以使用下面地址
$ wget https://demo.jumpserver.org/download/luna/1.4.8/luna.tar.gz

$ tar xf luna.tar.gz
$ chown -R root:root luna

# 配置 Nginx 整合各组件
$ rm -rf /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf
$ vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/jumpserver.conf

server {
    listen 80;

    client_max_body_size 100m;  # 录像及文件上传大小限制

    location /luna/ {
        try_files $uri / /index.html;
        alias /opt/luna/;  # luna 路径, 如果修改安装目录, 此处需要修改
    }

    location /media/ {
        add_header Content-Encoding gzip;
        root /opt/jumpserver/data/;  # 录像位置, 如果修改安装目录, 此处需要修改
    }

    location /static/ {
        root /opt/jumpserver/data/;  # 静态资源, 如果修改安装目录, 此处需要修改
    }

    location /socket.io/ {
        proxy_pass       http://localhost:5000/socket.io/;
        proxy_buffering off;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        access_log off;
    }

    location /coco/ {
        proxy_pass       http://localhost:5000/coco/;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        access_log off;
    }

    location /guacamole/ {
        proxy_pass       http://localhost:8081/;
        proxy_buffering off;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection $http_connection;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        access_log off;
    }

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
    }
}

# 运行 Nginx
$ nginx -t   # 确保配置没有问题, 有问题请先解决
$ systemctl start nginx

# 访问 http://192.168.244.144 (注意 没有 :8080 通过 nginx 代理端口进行访问)
# 默认账号: admin 密码: admin  到会话管理-终端管理 接受 coco Guacamole 等应用的注册
# 测试连接
$ ssh -p2222 admin@192.168.244.144
$ sftp -P2222 admin@192.168.244.144
  密码: admin

# 如果是用在 Windows 下, Xshell Terminal 登录语法如下
$ ssh admin@192.168.244.144 2222
$ sftp admin@192.168.244.144 2222
  密码: admin
  如果能登陆代表部署成功

# sftp默认上传的位置在资产的 /tmp 目录下
# windows拖拽上传的位置在资产的 Guacamole RDP上的 G 目录下

多组件负载说明

# coco 服务默认运行在单核心下面, 当负载过高时会导致用户访问变慢, 这时可运行多个 docker 容器缓解
$ docker run --name jms_coco01 -d -p 2223:2222 -p 5001:5000 -e CORE_HOST=http://<Jumpserver_url> -e BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=****** jumpserver/jms_coco:1.4.8
$ docker run --name jms_coco02 -d -p 2224:2222 -p 5002:5000 -e CORE_HOST=http://<Jumpserver_url> -e BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=****** jumpserver/jms_coco:1.4.8
...

# guacamole 也是一样
$ docker run --name jms_guacamole01 -d -p 8082:8081 -e JUMPSERVER_SERVER=http://<Jumpserver_url> -e BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=****** jumpserver/jms_guacamole:1.4.8
$ docker run --name jms_guacamole02 -d -p 8083:8081 -e JUMPSERVER_SERVER=http://<Jumpserver_url> -e BOOTSTRAP_TOKEN=****** jumpserver/jms_guacamole:1.4.8
...

# nginx 代理设置
$ vi /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
user  nginx;
worker_processes  auto;

error_log  /var/log/nginx/error.log warn;
pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}

# 加入 tcp 代理
stream {
    log_format  proxy  '$remote_addr [$time_local] '
                       '$protocol $status $bytes_sent $bytes_received '
                       '$session_time "$upstream_addr" '
                       '"$upstream_bytes_sent" "$upstream_bytes_received" "$upstream_connect_time"';

    access_log /var/log/nginx/tcp-access.log  proxy;
    open_log_file_cache off;

    upstream cocossh {
        server localhost:2222 weight=1;
        server localhost:2223 weight=1;  # 多节点
        server localhost:2224 weight=1;  # 多节点
        # 这里是 coco ssh 的后端ip
        hash $remote_addr;
    }
    server {
        listen 2220;  # 不能使用已经使用的端口, 自行修改, 用户ssh登录时的端口
        proxy_pass cocossh;
        proxy_connect_timeout 10s;
    }
}
# 到此结束

http {
    include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    # tcp_nopush     on;

    keepalive_timeout  65;

    # 关闭版本显示
    server_tokens off;

    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}

$ firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=2220/tcp --permanent
$ firewall-cmd --reload

$ vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/jumpserver.conf
upstream jumpserver {
    server localhost:8080;
    # 这里是 jumpserver 的后端ip
}

upstream cocows {
    server localhost:5000 weight=1;
    server localhost:5001 weight=1;  # 多节点
    server localhost:5002 weight=1;  # 多节点
    # 这里是 coco ws 的后端ip
    ip_hash;
}

upstream guacamole {
    server localhost:8081 weight=1;
    server localhost:8082 weight=1;  # 多节点
    server localhost:8083 weight=1;  # 多节点
    # 这里是 guacamole 的后端ip
    ip_hash;
}

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name demo.jumpserver.org;  # 自行修改成你的域名

    client_max_body_size 100m;  # 录像上传大小限制

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://jumpserver;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        access_log off;
    }

    location /luna/ {
        try_files $uri / /index.html;
        alias /opt/luna/;
    }

    location /media/ {
        add_header Content-Encoding gzip;
        root /opt/jumpserver/data/;  # 录像位置, 如果修改安装目录, 此处需要修改
    }

    location /static/ {
        root /opt/jumpserver/data/;  # 静态资源, 如果修改安装目录, 此处需要修改
    }

    location /socket.io/ {
        proxy_pass       http://cocows/socket.io/;  # coco
        proxy_buffering off;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        access_log off;
    }

    location /coco/ {
        proxy_pass       http://cocows/coco/;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        access_log off;
    }

    location /guacamole/ {
        proxy_pass       http://guacamole/;  #  guacamole
        proxy_buffering off;
        proxy_http_version 1.1;
        proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
        proxy_set_header Connection $http_connection;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header Host $host;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        access_log off;
    }
}

$ nginx -t
$ nginx -s reload

开机自启

# Jumpserver jms开机自启
$ vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/jms.service
[Unit]
Description=jms
After=network.target mariadb.service redis.service docker.service
Wants=mariadb.service redis.service docker.service

[Service]
Type=forking
Environment="PATH=/opt/py3/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin"
ExecStart=/opt/jumpserver/jms start all -d
ExecReload=
ExecStop=/opt/jumpserver/jms stop

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target


# 启动jumpserver脚本
$ vi /opt/start_jms.sh
#!/bin/bash
set -e
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
systemctl start jms
docker start jms_coco
docker start jms_guacamole
exit 0

# 停止jumpserver脚本
$ vi /opt/stop_jms.sh
#!/bin/bash
set -e
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
docker stop jms_coco
docker stop jms_guacamole
systemctl stop jms
exit 0

# 写入 rc.local
$ chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local
$ if [ "$(cat /etc/rc.local | grep start_jms.sh)" == "" ]; then echo "sh /opt/start_jms.sh" >> /etc/rc.local; fi